The potential exploitation of Spanish rural roads [CRES] [sub-project: "Characterization of the mobility demand and flows of rural women in the Deza region by overlooking the dimensioning and the definition of rural road network."]
Original title: Aprovechamiento del potencial de los camiños rurales españoles [CRES] [subproyecto: "Caracterización de la demanda de movilidad y flujos de las mujeres rurales en la comarca del Deza con vistas al dimensionamiento y definición de la Red de Caminos Rurales"].
Ministry of Environment and Rural and Marine Affairs, Principality of Asturias, Xunta of Galicia (Department of Rural Environment) and Government of Navarra.
Research team (USC):
José Antonio Vázquez Aldrey (IP), USC [IDEGA]
Miguel Pazos Otón, USC [IDEGA]
Xiana Rodil Fernández, USC [IDEGA]
GDR-22 “Terras do Deza.”
The women’s daily mobility is a research line of great interest. From there the reality described by the scientific literature within the geography of gender, identified strong inequalities in mobility patterns between men and women. In this sense, many female authors consider that female mobility is constrained by less access to private vehicles and, consequently, they depend more on public transport, which leads to the need of a time management between the household and tasks outside, as well as to a clearly local focus of its daily displacements. These aspects are strongly linked to the reproductive role developed in our society, where she acts as family caregiver through the implementation of housework, childcare or dependent care (Díaz Muñoz, 1989, Miralles, 1998; Salom et al. 1998; Ilrraz, 2006).
Moreover, in rural areas this phenomenon had a greater magnitude; therefore, women live with situations and realities exacerbated by the intrinsic characteristics of these spaces. In such spaces are observed greater difficulties in access generated by the dispersion of the habitat or the less supply of public transport. These issues play a strong role for the sharpness of disempowerment of rural women from a very social and productive perspective (Garcia Ramon et al. 1995; Vilarino, 1993, 2004).
In this manner, in the context of Innovative Projects of the Autonomous Communities in the framework of the National Rural Network and under the umbrella project “The potential exploitation of Spanish rural roads”, we designed the present study to investigate the flow and mobility patterns of the Galician rural women in form of experiences, opinions and values, which they have in their everyday life. For this, there will be a case study in the six municipalities that form the region of Deza.
The methodological base will be a qualitative approach in order to understand the reality of women in the region; thereby we seek to obtain information as objective as possible of the woman´s understanding and interpretation. Therefore, we conducted individual interviews aimed at women with residency in the region.