311502 - Clínica Odontolóxica Integrada de Pacientes Especiais (5º CURSO) - Curso 2011/2012
- Tipo: Materia Ordinaria RD 1497/1987
- Departamentos: Estomatoloxía
- Áreas: Estomatoloxía
- Centro: Facultade de Medicina e Odontoloxía
- Convocatoria: Anual
- Docencia e Matrícula: null
Existen programas da materia para os seguintes idiomas:CastelánGalegoInglésCourse objectives
- To identify the patient that is considered “special” in the odontological field, because of a handicap or because of a systemic pathology.
- To establish a general protocol for treating these patients in which the difficulties for accessing to odontological care are showed, the necessary precautions are adopted and the community preventive strategies are designed.
- To know the protocols of odontological treatment that are specific for each morbid process, by applying rigorously the suitable prophylaxis guidelines, asking for the required additional tests and determining the importance of complementing the information with the doctor in charge.
- To design individual treatment plans, adapted to each particular situation, and to determine when a patient must be derived to the corresponding specialist.Contents
Theory (first semester)
1. Special patients. Who, where, how and when must they be treated
2. Psychical handicapped people
3. Physical handicapped people
4. Sensorial handicapped people
5. Cross infection. Treatment of the infectious patient. Universal barrier techniques
6. Infection by HIV/AIDS
7. Focal infection. Bacterial endocarditis, prosthetic joint infections and brain abscesses of oral origin
8. Diabetes and alterations of the thyroid gland
9. Alterations of the parathyroid and adrenal glands
10. Viral hepatitis and other hepatopathies
11. Kidney failure
12. Cardiovascular alterations I
13. Cardiovascular alterations II
14. Breathing pathology
15. Congenital and acquired coagulopathies. Anticoagulants and antiaggregates
16. Bleeding dyscrasias
17. The patient with head and neck cancer
18. The immunosuppressed patient (primary immunodeficiencies, antineoplasics, immunosuppressive agents and corticosteroids)
19. Neurological syndromes
20. The allergic patient
In the first semester, the students can attend and collaborate (in small groups) in the activities that are developed in the Teaching Unit.
In the second and third semesters, the students will carry out clinical practices under the supervision of the teachers in charge.
Eventually, they can attend, in small groups, the sessions of treatment under general anesthetics that the teachers of the Teaching Unit do.Basic and complementary bibliography
- Scully C, Diz P, Kumart N. Special Needs in Dentistry: Handbook of Oral Healthcare. 1st edition London. Chrchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2007
- Francisco Silvestre, Andrés Plaza. Odontología en pacientes especiales. Educació Materials 101. Universitat de Valencia 2007
- Bullón P y Machuca G (eds.). La atención odontológica en pacientes médicamente comprometidos. Madrid. Normon, 2005.
- Little JW, Falace DA, Millar CS, Rhodus NL (eds). Dental management of the medically compromised patient. St. Louis. Mosby, 2002 (6ª ed)Assessment system
- Theory test examination at the end of the academic year (25 questions).
- Practice examination at the end of the academic year (design of treatment plans in certain clinical suppositions, written exam).
- Continuous assessment of the clinical practices throughout the year.Comments
Those students who have not passed the practices of this subject cannot do the clinical practices with patients.